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|RIO DE JANEIRO Off White Air Vapormax White Sale , Feb. 5 (Xinhua) -- Brazil's Carnival, one of the world's most recognizable events which kicked off here Friday, is intrinsically linked to samba, a musical genre born in the favelas a century ago.
It was exactly in 1916 that the song, "Pelo telefone", was recorded by Ernesto dos Santos Off White Air Vapormax Black Sale , also known as Donga. It is considered to be the first samba song to be distributed and which thrust this genre into the limelight.
The music, marked by energetic drum beats and sensual dance moves, became a passion for the poorer neighborhoods of Rio, mostly populated by descendants of slaves who were freed in 1888.
At a time when the country was living the death rattles of the empire and the first days of the republic, the elite of Rio de Janeiro began to organize carnival parades, inspired by similar ones in Venice Air Vapormax Off White Sale , complete with ample costumes and masks.
Soon black residents of city's poorer neighborhood followed suit, creating their own joyous, chaotic party accompanied by the rhythms of samba. Hence the modern Carnival was born.
The first modern carnival parades began in 1932 with a competition organized by the Mundo Sportivo newspaper.
Historians say that this original parade included 23 groups, now known as samba schools, with around 100 dancers in each group.
The first parades took place in Rio's port area, where many poor residents lived and samba was created.
Differing from today Air Vapormax Pink Sale , in the 1930s many of the male dancers wore suits while the women wore demure and simple costumes, without showing much skin and without large floats.
Back then, men and women participated in separate groups, a tradition now long gone except for the baianas. They are a group of older women who parade alone in the typical clothes that 19th century slave women wore in the state of Bahia, including the emblematic large skirts.
The popularity of these parades grew rapidly, while the samba schools formalized Air Vapormax Grey Sale , grew in size and eventually became professional.
Up to the early 1980s, hundreds of thousands of people lined President Vargas Avenue, Rio's main thoroughfare, for the Carnival. However, authorities then decided to build a special zone for the parade in order to avoid excessive congestion in the city.
The Sambadrome was inaugurated in 1984 and designed by Oscar Niemeyer, Brazil's most famous architect. It has since been televised around the world as the home of the Carnival in all its riotous joy.
by Ejidiah Wangui
NAIROBI Air Vapormax White Sale , Sep. 14 (Xinhua) -- Beatrice Oloo and Jenifer Wanjiru have sustained their friendship since childhood and both experienced abject poverty while growing up in Kibera, the largest slum in Kenya's capital, Nairobi.
However, a month ago, their two-decade-old friendship almost came to a sudden end after the results of the highly contested Kenyan presidential polls were announced.
The two bosom friends, like millions of other Kenyans who took part in the elections Air Vapormax Black Sale , differed on the results announced by the country's electoral body.
Nevertheless, they have put that unfortunate history behind them and are now preaching against tribalism in the slum that is always listed as a post-poll violence hot spot.
Oloo and Wanjiru are both in their mid 30s and are not leaving anything to chance ahead of Kenya's repeat presidential polls on Oct. 17.
They are using food, the most unifying element, to preach peace especially between Kikuyu and Luo communities where the incumbent President Uhuru Kenyatta and his opposition rival, Raila Odinga hails from respectively.
"I still vividly remember the horrific scenes that followed the announcement of presidential results in 2007. I and Wanjiru were going on with our usual business of selling clothes at a nearby market when a friend of mine called and told me to help Wanjiru hide as things were not good," Oloo said.
"I was fearing the same could have happened last month after the opposition disputed the polls but we thank God Air Vapormax Sale , things weren't as bad as they were 10 years ago, as we face another poll in less than a month time, we want to prove that Kikuyus and Luos can co-exist peacefully whoever wins in the polls," Oloo told Xinhua.
The two women are now using recipes borrowed from the Kikuyu and Luo cultures to cool off the high political temperatures in the slum, with an estimated population of 250,000. Kibera is made up of 13 villages crammed into a area of about 2.5 square kilometers.
Even though they do not have a permanent place to pry their trade Off White Nike Vapormax White Sale , they move from village to village selling the food on the congested alleys and they aren't shy to state their mission to whoever cares to listen.
"One of our main dish is fish which is predominantly eaten in Kenya's western region and githeri, a mixture of beans and corn -- a famous meal in Kenya's Central region. We make every of our client aware of our mission and so far so good," Wanjiru said.
"There are places where we have been branded the Kikuyu-Luo moving hotel and this is a clear sign our efforts are being noticed. Whether Raila or Uhuru is president, I and my friend Oloo will still go back to our pockets to pay fees and rent, and this is our message to everyone in Kibera," she added.
On Oct. 17 Off White Nike Vapormax Black Sale , Kenya is scheduled to hold another presidential poll and Oloo and Wanjiru's prayer is for the peace that they are enjoying now to prevail even after the outcome is announced.
As Kenyan politicians go on with their vote hunt and selling their manifestos to the electorate, the two women have dedicated their time to preaching peace and unity.
"It is no secret that some politicians are out to divide Kenyans along ethnic lines. We might not have the resources to reach out to all Kenyans like the politicians but we believe our little efforts will bear some fruit," said Oloo.
"Peace keeping should be every resident's duty; we do not have any other pla. Danny Portugal Jersey Kingsley Coman France Jersey James Milner England Jersey Duje Cop Croatia Jersey Dayro Moreno Colombia Jersey Marquinhos Brazil Jersey Laurent Depoitre Belgium Jersey Gabriel Mercado Argentina Jersey Diego Rolan Uruguay Jersey Steve von Bergen Switzerland Jersey